ion Offi

ce on Thursday issued a white pape

practice an

. Development is the top priority of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in governanc▓e and national revitalization, and the key to resolvi▓ng all other problems. Based on its prevailing conditions, China adheres to the Chinese soc▓ialist

path and to the philosophy that development is o▓f paramount importance. China integrates the pr▓inciple of universal applica

d contri is an example of a bution i caption with n this reg.

ard▓.Full text: T

tion of human rights with the country's reality. While▓ striving to enhance the people's wellbeing through development and materialize their▓ right to development, China endeavors to achieve higher-level development by protecting their right to development. In this regard, Chin

he Right to De

▓a has made notable progress and blazed a ▓path in protecting human rights during the development ▓of human civilization.Since the 18th CPC National Congr▓ess in 2012, the CPC Central Committee with Xi Jinpi▓ng as its core has highlighted the idea o▓f people-centered development. In the course of

velopment: China's Philos

realizing t▓he Two Centenary Goals [Note: The t▓wo goals are to complete the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects b▓y the centenary of the CPC (founded in 1921) and to build China into a modern socialist country that ▓is prosperous, strong, democratic,

ophy, Practic

e and Contributi

onFull text:

culturally advanced, and harmonious by the centenary of the People's Republic of China (founded in 1949).] and the Chines▓e Dream of revitalizing the Chinese nation, it has focused on safeguarding and improving p▓eople's wellbeing, advancing all social programs, and protecting people's rights to equal participation and development. The aim is to share development bene

The Right to Deve

fits and achieve common prosperity among all people of the country.On the 30th anniversary of the publication of the "Declaration on the Right to Development by the United N▓ations," China, dedicated to advocating, practicing and promoting the right to development, is ▓willing to join the international community to share its philosophy and experience

lopment: China's

in this regar▓d and to boost sound development of global human rights.I.The Philosophy of the Right to Development Abreast with the TimesEqual access to development opportunities and development benefits are the ideals of human so▓ciety wherein each and every citizen can achieve well-rounded development and enjoy full right▓ to development.The Chinese

P▓hilosophy, P

people are diligent, wis▓e, innovative and progressive. In traditional Chinese cult▓ure, concepts such as "moderate prosperity" (xiao-kang), "great harmony" (datong), "having amp▓le food and clothing" (fengyi zushi) and "living and working in peace and contentment" (anju l▓eye) fully reflect the Chinese people's aspiration for▓ and pursuit of a better

ractice and Contribution12-01-

, happier life. In▓ the long course of history, the Chin▓ese people have always striven for better and shared development opportunities, conditions and benefits. In ancient times, China was for long the world leader in agriculture, and contributed to human p▓rogress with extraordinary development achievements. Studies reveal that unti▓l the mid-19th century, China's

2016 19:54 B

GDP and▓ per capita GDP were the world's highest▓. Before the 16th century, China contributed 17▓3 of the world's top 300 innovations and discoveries.Aft▓er the Industrial Revolution started in the 18th centur▓y, China began losing its leadership. Foreign aggression and expansion by Western colonialists completely destroyed conditions for develo▓pment in China. Repeated in


. 1 (Xinhua) -- Ch

tion in this r


vasions by foreign powers, particularly from the West, from 1840 to 1949, and China▓'s corrupt ruling class and backward social syst▓em reduced China to a semi-colonial and semi-feudal society. There was constant warfare, an unstable society, economic depression,▓ no security of livelihood, and extreme▓ poverty. The Cambridge History of China: Republican China 1▓912-1949 describes China's situation in the first half of 20th century as follows: "...the great majority of Chinese merely sustained and reproduced

ing is the full te

▓ themselves at the subsistence level ... the stan▓dard of life for many fell short ev▓en of that customary level." [Note: The Cambridge History ▓of China (Volume 12): Republican China 1912-1949 Part I, Cambridge University Press, 1983, p. ▓28.] "As a system, China's economy which was 'pre-modern' even in the mid-twentieth century ceased to be

xt of the docu

viable only after 1949..." [Note: Ibid▓. p. 29.] In these 110 years, the Chinese people struggled arduously for their right to development and equal access to development opportunity. The Chinese people are fully aware of the value of development and of their▓ right to development.The founding

ment.First Editi

of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949 ushe▓red in a new era for China's development. The PRC h▓as provided full development opportunities and conditions to the people, and vast scope to realize that right. Through more than 60 years of effort, China's overall national streng▓th has greatly increased; stand

on 2016▓Con

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    ards of living have achiev

    ed a historical leap from pover▓t

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    y to moderate prosperity; the

    people's right to

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    development in economy, po

    litics, culture

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    , society and environment h

    as been effe

mic Developmen

tIV. Enhan

years in 1949 to 76.34 years in 2015, ranking high among the developing countries. The level of education has soared: in 1949, mor▓e than 80 percent of the national population was illiterate, and the enrollment rate of school-age chi▓ldren was only 20 percent. In 2015, net enrollment rates were as follows: primary school-age children - 99.88 percent; nine-year compulsory education -- 93 perc

cing Po▓litic

ent; high school - 87 percent. The enrollment rate for higher education has reached a level approaching that of medium-de▓veloped countries. According to the "China Natio▓nal Human Development Report 2016" released b▓y the United Nations, China's Human Development Index (HDI) in 2014 ranked 90th among 188 countries, already in the high human development group.Over the years, proceeding from reality and following the trend of the times, China has maintained the people's pri▓ncipal position

in the country and created its own path ▓by taking the central task of economic development and upholding the Four Cardinal Principles [Note: The Four Cardinal Principles re▓fer to the principles of adhering to th▓e socialist path, the p

al DevelopmentV.

  1. Promoting Cultural Pr
  2. ogressVI. Promoting
  • Social DevelopmentVII.
  • Accelerating Environm
ent-Friendly Develop
mentVIII. Promoting Comm
on DevelopmentConclu

is a universal

eople's democrati▓c dictatorship, the leadership of the CPC, and Marxism-Leni▓

human the

me, providin

g for people's

basic needs a

; only throu

gh development c

ept of ri▓ght to development.The rights to subsistence and ▓development are the primary, basic human rights. Poverty is the biggest obstacle to human rights. Without the production and supply of material goods, it is difficult or even impossible to realize any other human right. Developme▓nt is a means of eliminating poverty. It provides ▓necessary conditions for realizing o▓ther human rights, and releases huma▓n potential. The righ

t to developmen?/p>

tion of over 1